Saturday, August 17, 2013

Kubera the Hindu God of Wealth

There must hardly be a devote Hindu who would not have heard about the God of Wealth; Kubera. There are a lot of people who chant Mantras, Stotras and Prayers of Kubera to invoke him for gaining wealth and abundance. This post is about the meaning of the name Kubera; the physical appearance and the symbolism.

The real name of Kubera is Kuvera; made up of 2 words; Ku – Ugly and Vera – Body; that is Uglybody or the one with an Uglybody.

Kubera was actually a most handsome God. Once upon a time, he was engaged in severe Tapa, in the Himalayas. In the course of his Sadhana, he chanced upon Parvati; enchanted by her beauty; without thinking, he blurted out with desire; Who could she be? and stared at her with his left eye. Then Divine Radiance emitted from the being of Parvati and burnt his left eye and the colour of his right eye became a shade of yellowish orange.

The body of Kubera has sometimes been described as one being stout; with a pot belly; having 4 arms; 3 legs and 8 teeth. In his arms he is described as holding a bag of money and some other items like a cup of wine, mace, shankh, chakra, trishul, lotus flower, damru, khadang and prashu. He is also described as blessing devotees with one hand and sometimes showering gold coins with both the hands. There is a beautiful crown on his head and gold ornaments on his body. His colour is fair; with a complexion like a Petal of the Lotus Flower. Sometimes he is shown as having serpents around his neck and the river Ganga flowing from his head.

Kubera is also shown mounting either a goat, elephant, horse, lion, sheep or a chariot.

The names of his wives are given in different scriptures as Hariti, Shri, Laxmi, Vasundhara and Kauberi. He is said to have 2 sons and 1 daughter. Manigriva or Varnakavi and Nalakubar or Mayuraj are the names of the sons and Meenakshi; the daughter.

The earliest discovered idol of Kubera dates back to the year 100 BC. The idols of Kubera of the middle ages are shown as facing the North Direction which was said to be his direction. Likewise one of his names is Soma; Soumya is one of the names of the Northen Direction. The Indian cities of Patliputra, Mathura, Vidisha and Padmavati were important centers of Kubera Worship.

The Jain Religion portrays Kubera as having 4 heads and 8 arms. His is said to be the Neminath Tirthankar Yaksha.

The Buddhist scriptures show him as having a yellowish complexion, holding a trishul in his hand; having the Vasundhara Shakti and the mongoose as his symbols. He is shown in a sitting position, with one of his legs dangling freely, a Lotus Flower is shown below the dangling leg. The Buddhists also call Kuberas as Jambhala and he is considered as the Dharmapala.

Astrology and Astronomy have symbolised the Kubera with the planet Pluto,


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